Iron isn't the only element that displays magnetism.Nickel, cobalt, gadolinium, terbium, and dysprosium are also ferromagnetic. As with iron, the magnetic properties of these elements depends on their crystal structure and whether the metal is below its Curie point. αiron, cobalt, and nickel are ferromagnetic, while γiron, manganese, and chromium are antiferromagnetic.
Magnetite, ideal formula Fe 3 O 4, is an intriguing mineral, and not only because it is magnetic.The formula could be written as Fe 2+ Fe 3+ 2O 4, which more precisely designates one of its peculiarities.It contains both ferrous (Fe 2+) and ferric (Fe 3+) ions implying synthesis, growth, and stability within an environment where oxidized and reduced states of iron are present and maintained.
Figure 9.10 presents a typical flow sheet for processing a magnetite ore using a combination of drum LIMS and reverse flotation. The ore is composed of magnetite and gangue minerals, which are mainly quartz. The flow sheet includes three stages of grinding and magnetic separation once again to reject quartz as early as possible.
Abstract. The mineral composition and magnetic behavior of nanoFe 2 O 3 of iron ore from Lhoong mining area, Aceh province, were studied. The iron ore was prepared by mechanical milling method. The mineral and chemical compositions of samples were investigated by XRD and XRF analysis tests.
Iron was likely originally discovered and extracted as a result of wood burning on top of ironcontaining ores. The carbon within the wood would have reacted with the oxygen in the ore, leaving behind a soft, malleable iron metal. Iron smelting and the use of iron to make tools and weapons began in Mesopotamia (presentday Iraq) between 2700 and 3000 BCE.